Types Of Foundation Cracks

It is very unusual for cracks to appear on the foundation walls. Cracks signify problems or damage affecting the walls. These problems are mainly caused by shrinkage in the foundation and soil settlement or expansion. Earthquake can also cause cracking. The shape and the size of the crack can be used to establish the cause of these problems. You should, therefore, know the cracks are ‘read’ to determine the severity of the situation. This would also help you when deciding on the action to take.

Any crack which might appear on the walls should be repaired. Concrete might shrink during the curing process. Curing is a chemical reaction and is not necessarily caused by loss of water. The amount of shrinkage on the concrete walls is dependent on some factors which include; type of the concrete used, prevailing temperatures and the amount of water used. Below are certain kinds of the common cracks which occur in buildings.

Vertical cracks

These are the thin cracks which occur randomly in the foundation walls. Their length ranges from a few inches. The entire wall might also get these cracks. You are more likely to find these cracks in those areas where concrete was poorly or incorrectly mixed the concrete. The lack or use of steel reinforcements also influences the characteristics and degree of cracking in buildings. Shrinkage cracking stops once the concrete curing process is complete.

Cracks in older building

Any crack which might occur in the older building should be taken very seriously. The occurrence of vertical cracks in such buildings can be noticed very easily. Cracking in building indicates that there are more serious problems with the foundation. Cracks which are wider at the top parts of the wall are considered to be more dangerous than the ones occurring at the bottom.

Settlement causes the formation of the wider cracks at the bottom of the buildings. The problem should be addressed to avoid any potential hazards. These cracks should be assessed by a foundation contractor to establish if it is necessary to carry out foundation repair.

Step-like cracks

These are the cracks which form pattern –they are in series of steps. They are mainly caused by settlement, contraction and expanding of soil or the neighboring landscape. Other causes of cracks include the following:

  • An inadequate backfill
  • Omitted footings
  • Shallow footings
  • Frost heave
  • Water problems

Horizontal cracks

These cracks are considered to be most serious ones in any building. They are mainly caused by expansive soil and improper backfilling. You are advised to contact a foundation contractor once these cracks appear in your building.

Tricks And Tips For Interior Paintings

The design and painting of your house reflect your style as well as personality. Interior painting gives a home a nice new look. Advice from the experts is very crucial when it comes to the process of painting your house. These professionals will help you in deciding the right type of paint to apply to the interior of your house. Every homeowner who wants to have a good looking house must make an effort of giving it the best touch when comes to the choice of colors and design.

These are some of the painting tips that would help you in making your painting projects go faster and smoother. This will help you in achieving a professional-looking finish which you will be proud of. These techniques will also help in cutting the clean up time by nearly fifty percent as well as extending the shelf life of your painting brushes.

Prime time

You should always apply a prime coat on the wall. This ensures that the painting job is done correctly. A spot prime having a flat paint can also be chosen. The flat painted walls require only minor repairs. A primer/sealer is used on those walls which have a larger area of the patching plaster. The procedure followed in priming is similar to painting. Painting is done after the primer has dried.

Ceiling the brushwork

Begin by painting the ceiling. All the unpainted areas around your fixtures and the perimeter need to be covered completely.


Rolling begins with the ceiling section which measures six by six square feet. You can also use a series of overlapping strokes which are W-shaped. Paint from the right side to the left side. Roll again from the left side to towards the right. Once you are through with the painting of the W Stokes, the entire ceiling can be painted.

Two square sections can be painted at a time in case the ceiling area to be painted very large. If you want your paint to blend perfectly, then you can use the overlapping and one-directional strokes. Repeat the process for all the walls. Finally, all the non-diagonal strokes should be applied right from top to bottom.

Wall brushwork

You should ensure that the ceiling if masked by the use of a painting tape. Make sure that all the upper perimeter walls and uncovered areas of the walls have been painted.

Apply the second coat

This coat is applied after the first one dries. Make sure that the recoating guidelines provided by the manufacturer are checked and followed.